Dr. Kiper offers Silicone Orthotics for arch support.

Pronator is a classification of the foot's position in its natural (AKA neutral/optimal) position.

                The front of the foot is angled to the inside of the center of the body.

Forefoot Varus. Pronator pressure image.

Supinator is a classification of the foot's position in its natural (AKA   neutral/optimal) position. 

                The front of the foot is angled away from the center of the body, relative to the heel

Forefoot Valgus Supinator pressure image.

Neutral is a classification/position.

It is the natural position (AKA neutral) of the foot in it's most efficient position to work during gait.

 

Normal forefoot images.

Pronation is a motion- the foot lands on the outside edge, the arch begins moving as far as it can to absorb shock. 

Pronation animation absorbs shock.
Click here to view
animation of pronation


Supination is a motion which occurs when the heels comes off the ground (opposite to pronation). It does not occur when the foot is landing to the ground.

Overpronation (maximum motion)-the end of the range of motion of pronation, the arch moves as far as it can to absorb the greater shock.

This occurs with every step regardless of walking or running.


Hyperpronation occurs with sports activity, particularly running. The arch spreads as far as it can, and due to higher impact (as compared to walking), the arch further overstretches.

Pronation and overpronation INCREASES the angles below. The key element here is that as pronation and overpronation occur, the silicone fluid minimizes and cushions the arch without interfering with the normal movement of the footstep.

Pronation and overpronation increases angles.

More angles of pronation image.

FOR TECHNICAL PICTURES OF MOTION OF THE FOOT AND POSITION GO TO:

WWW.DRKIPER.COM/PICTURES