stress fracture is an incomplete break or crack in
a normal bone caused by repetitive trauma. While this injury
can occur after a short stress it is more commonly seen after longer
periods of continued trauma. If there is insufficient
rest between the traumas, the bone cannot rebuild. A small "stress"
fracture can go on to a full break. The pain is gradual
and intensifies with continued activity. Swelling is often seen.
An x-ray may not show signs of the break for the first 5-10 days
after the injury. Pain can be felt with direct pressure from above
and below. Another way of determining a fracture would be the use
of a tuning fork over the affected part. Pain may be felt due to
the vibrations of the fork, causing movement in the bone ends.
If pain and swelling does not subside within a few days and normal activities
also become difficult seek professional help.
Discontinue the activity
Elevate the affected part.
Non-impact aerobic activity (e.g swimming and cycling)
Cast (if necessary)
medications (preferably OTC) for pain and swelling
Silicone Dynamic Orthotics by reducing pronation can reduce the "torque" forces
which produce a stress fracture.